Monday, July 18, 2011

Andi Sultan Daeng Radja

Haji Andi Sultan Daeng Radja (Born in Matekko, Gantarang, May 20, 1894 - died at the Hospital Pelamonia Makassar, South Sulawesi, May 17, 1963 at age 68 years) was a prominent Indonesian independence and national hero of South Sulawesi. He is the son of the first pair Passari Petta Tanra Karaeng Ninong Gantarang and Andi. As a young man, Sultan Daeng Radja known for devout worship and active in Muhamamadiyah. He is the founder of the Old Mosque in Ponre which in its time the largest in South Sulawesi. 
In 1902, Sultan Daeng Radja Volksschool school (elementary school) three years in Bulukumba. Graduated from Volksschool, he continued his education to Europeesche Lagere School (ELS) in Bantaeng. Completed his education in the ELS, Sultan Daeng Radja continued his education at the School Voor Opleiding Inlandsche Ambtenaren (OSVIA) in Makassar. After completing his education at OSVIA in 1913, Sultan Daeng Radja who was then, still aged 20 years was appointed clerk of government offices Onder Afdeeling Makassar. Bebeberapa months later, he was appointed as a candidate attorney and conjunct in tHiS of Justitie Makassar. Dated January 7, 1915 Eurp Klerk was appointed to the Office of the Assistant Resident in Pompanua Bone. Subsequently, he moved again to the Office Controleur Sinjai as Klerk. From Sinjai Takalar and gets assigned to a post as deputy head of the tax. Subsequently assigned to the position of head tax Enrekang. In 1918, he was assigned as Inlandsche Besteur Asistant at Campalagian, Mandar. April 2, 1921, the government issued a decree lifting the Sultan Daeng Radja became acting District Hadat Gantarang replace Andy Malette Mappamadeng Daeng who resigned because he could not work anymore with the Dutch colonial government.Andi Mappamadeng resignation until now still a controversy, because Andy Malette Mappamadeng Daeng is a cousin of one of Sultan Daeng Radja. At the same time, Sultan Daeng Radja won the trust became an employee at the office of District Court (Landraad) Bulukumba. The return of Andi Sultan Daeng Radja to Bulukumba, pushing Gantarang Hadat Council (Indigenous Duapulua) held a meeting to choose candidates for the head of customs. The meeting then decided Andi Sultan Daeng Radja become Regen (Kepala Adat) Gantarang. This position is entrusted to the Dutch government expressed its recognition of the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia. In 1930, Andi Sultan Daeng Radja was honored to be Attorney at Landraad Bulukumba. After the proclamation of Independence August 17, 1945, the government accuses NICA Andi Sultan Daeng Radja involved in the struggle to maintain the independence of Indonesia so that he no longer used as a government. NICA later arrested and exiled Sultan Daeng Radja to Manado, North Sulawesi. Dated January 8, 1950, after the Round Table Conference (RTC) and the recognition of the sovereignty of Indonesia by the Dutch government to, Sultan Daeng Radja later released by the Netherlands and back to Bulukumba. On July 1, 1950 Andi Sultan Daeng Radja resigned his position as Chief of Adat Gantarang and was succeeded by his son Sultan Andi Andi Sappewali. After retiring from his position as Head of Indigenous Gantarang, Minister of the Interior pursuant to the Decree dated June 11, 1951 appointed him as regent in the office of Governor of South Sulawesi. April 4, 1955, he was assigned as the Regional District Bantaeng and appointed civil servants remain. In 1956, Sultan Daeng Radja was appointed Governor of South Sulawesi resident conjunct the corresponding presidential decree. A year later he was appointed Member of the Constituent Assembly. Andi Sultan Daeng Radja died on May 17, 1963 in Makassar Pelamonia Hospital at the age of 70 years. During his life, Andi Sultan Daeng Radja has four wives and 13 children.

History of Struggle Andi Sultan Daeng Radja

Andi Sultan Daeng Radja struggle against Dutch colonial rule began since I was a student at the School Voor Opdeling Indlandsche Ambtenar (OSVIA) in Makassar. Dislikes Sultan Daeng Radja against the colonial government was triggered by the tyranny and oppression of the Dutch government against the people of Bulukumba. Zeal to defend the people and nation of Indonesia imprinted in the soul of the Sultan Daeng Radja, the flared when he was actively following the development and growth of national organizations that emerged in Java. As Budi Utomo and the Trade Unions which was founded as a container Islamic struggle against Dutch colonial rule. Sultan Daeng Radja spirit to liberate his people from colonialism, making him secretly followed the youth congress Indonesia October 28, 1928, known as the Youth Pledge. After following this congress, the Sultan Daeng Radja's determination to expel the burning of the Dutch colonial Indonesia. Together with Dr. Pangerang Pettarani Ratulangi and Andi, Andi Sultan Daeng Radja was sent as a representative of South Sulawesi, attending a meeting of the Preparatory Committee of Indonesian Independence (PPKI) in Jakarta. PPKI is an entity that works to prepare the independence of the Republic of Indonesia on August 17, 1945. PPKI after attending a meeting, the Sultan Daeng Radja, stormed back to Bulukumba to brief their people about the results of the meeting PPKI and plans in order to follow up persitiwa historic independence of Indonesia. The news of independence of Indonesia presented the Sultan Daeng Radja, compassion and joy greeted by the entire people of Bulukumba. End of August 1945, Sultan Daeng Radja proposed the establishment of organizations of the National Unity Movement of Indonesia (PPNI). This organization, led by Andi Panamun and Abdul Karim. PPNI formed as a container to collect the youth in order to secure and defend the State of Indonesia. A few days after the independence of Indonesia August 17, 1945, allied forces landed in Indonesia, including in Bulukumba. The presence of allied forces, Ridden by Dutch soldiers equipped with the civilian government called the Nederlands Indies Civil Administration (NICA). The presence of NICA as well as the presence of Japanese troops, wanted to colonize Indonesia. Andi lunge Sultan Daeng Radja before Indonesia's independence and after independence in fighting for the independence of Indonesia, was alarmed NICA. Moreover, the Sultan Daeng Radja said it was not willing to cooperate with NICA. Dated December 2, 1945 NICA Andi Sultan Daeng Radja arrested at his residence, Kampung Kasuara, Gantarang. Andi Sultan Daeng Radja then taken to Makassar to hold.Colonial government hoped the arrest of Sultan Daeng Radja will turn off people's resistance Bulukumba. But the opposite happened. His arrest aroused the people's resistance against NICA Bulukumba. The fighters Bulukumba, then formed an armed resistance organization called the Warriors of the People's Army rebels Bulukumba (PBAR) led by Andi Shamsuddin. In organizations PBAR, Andi Sultan Daeng Radja seated as the Great Father.Although imprisoned, all activities are monitored by PBAR Sultan Daeng Radja. Through a family visit, the Sultan Daeng Radja gave orders to Laskar PBAR. After five years in prison in Makassar, on March 17, 1949, the colonial court and then prosecuting and sentencing Sultan Daeng Radja with the punishment of exile to Manado, North Sulawesi until January 8, 1950. Andi Sultan Daeng Radja struggle against colonialism in Indonesia, finally received high awards from the Government of Indonesia. Based on Presidential Decree No. 085/TK/Tahun 2006 dated November 3, 2006, the President conferred the title of National Hero and Star Signs Honor Mahaputera Adipradana to Andi Sultan Daeng Radja, at the State Palace on November 9, 2006.

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